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Einige Materialien zum sich ändernden Frauen- und Männerbild, Rollenkonflikte

Das ist ein großes Thema, ich fange erst mal mit eingen Materialien an, die gerade zur Hand sind. Da ist z.B. das sich in den letzten 1-2 Jahrzehnten ändernde Rollenbild, speziell in Hinsicht darauf, wie Frauen dargestellt werden.

3x Alien

Ein wichtiger Schritt dabei war die Serie der Alien-Filme. (Die Scripts finden sich übrigens hier und hier und hier (Filme 1 bis 3).)

Zitat: "Sigourney Weavers Darstellung als Ripley hat das Frauenbild im Kino entscheidend geprägt. Erstmals tritt eine Frau als toughe Heldin auf und beweist, daß auch das weibliche Geschlecht durchaus nicht immer schwach sein muß."

Noch ein Zitat aus einer anderen Kritik: "The only returning member of the cast from the original Alien is Sigourney Weaver. Here, she's even tougher than in the first film - a psychologically distressed woman who goes to war against the creatures that would destroy her surrogate daughter. In the process, Weaver became one of the first buff female action heroines - a prototype for the few who have appeared on the scene in the 15 years since then (including Linda Hamilton in Terminator 2, another Cameron film, and Geena Davis in The Long Kiss Goodnight). She's every bit as imposing as a Schwarzenegger or Stallone, and seems entirely comfortable in this sort of role. In fact, Weaver is far more effective in the action sequences than in the dramatic ones, where her approach is uncertain."

Und, aus der gleichen Kritik: "The most touching human relationship in Aliens is the one between Ripley and Newt, with the childless woman caring for the motherless girl. The emotional payoff comes at the very end, and has less to do with the aliens' defeat than with the bond that has developed between these two characters. Many action films lack a heart; the Ripley/Newt element makes Aliens more than just a tightly-paced shoot-'em-up. And, when Newt is kidnapped by the aliens as a potential host for one of the aliens' face-hugger offspring, it raises the stakes by a notch, adding an additional layer of urgency to an already intense climax. Furthermore, Cameron has some more fun by contrasting Ripley's maternal relationship with Newt to that of the Queen alien and her "children", all of which Ripley is trying to destroy. The final struggle becomes that of two mothers pitted against one other. "

 

Kill Bill

Kill Bill von Tarantino wurde in der Presse zum Teil auch als verändertes Frauenbild dargestellt. Allerdings haben mit dieser Orgie der Gewalt viele Leute auch Probleme. Zitat "Star Trek"-Darsteller Patrick Stewart: "Ich verurteile diesen Film. Uns wird gesagt, dass die Frauen darin gleichberechtigt seien. Doch letztendlich töten sie nur andere Frauen." Auch die Unterhaltungsindustrie selbst kam bei Stewart nicht gut weg: "Das vermittelte Frauenbild ist eine Schande!"

 

Star Wars: The Force Awakens - Star Wars 7

Der Artikel im Atlantic Star Wars: The Feminism Awakens legt dar, dass dies der erste Film aus der Star Wars Saga ist, in dem Frauen als Heldinnen eine gleichberechtigte Rolle spielen dürfen und nicht nur als Sidekick beschützt werden müssen. Der Artikel zählt zahlreiche positive Aspekte in Richtung "Rolle der Frau" auf.

 

Klick führt zur website des Films

Whale Rider

Whale Rider, ein wunderbarer Film zum Konflikt der entsteht, wenn traditionelle Rollenbilder verletzt werden. (aber besser Kleenex mitnehmen. Mir kommen noch die Tränen, wenn ich die Bilder auf der Website betrachte).

Es geht darum, dass in einem neuseeländischen Stamm, der zwar in der Zivilisation, aber auch noch nach den traditionellen Regeln lebt, kein männlicher Nachfolger für das religiöse Oberhaupt des Stammes geboren worden war. Aber eines der Mädchen hat die richtige Abstammung, ist absolut gut geeignet, ist aber eben "leider ein Mädchen". Das alte Oberhaupt tut sich extrem schwer, seine Einstellung zu ändern. Sehr bewegend.

 

 

No intercourse, please -- we're enlightened

Eine Frau beschwert sich, dass das Ergebnis der Gleichberechtigung für sie persönlich bedeutet, dass sie keine jungen Männer mehr findet, mit denen sie Lust hätte, ins Bett zu gehen:
"Men in their 20s -- well, the Ivy League, professional sorts I meet, with their yoga classes and exquisite sensitivity about treating a woman any differently from a man -- just aren't masculine enough to be bedable."

Und dass ihrer Ansicht nach nicht nur ihr, sondern den anderen der Spaß am Sex auch weitgehend vergangen ist:
"Thus the legacy of two decades of feminism in academia. . . . . . These young guys feel free to admit to physical fears, grooming preoccupations and social anxieties their fathers had the good sense to conceal, if they had them. They dress like overgrown toddlers, in oversize T-shirts and baggy pants, clothing that begs you not to take them seriously as grown-ups. They're pussy-whipped and tamed by 30, but just below the surface they seethe with hostility and resentment at women, because they're quite aware that their girlfriends or wives treat sex as a commodity to be doled out in return for something better. Neither the young men nor the young women enjoy it as much as they were told they would. The women have won, if you've won when you have worse sex than your grandmother did. ..... What does "feminine" mean anyway, .....? Maybe it means having a baby. Sex is for corralling a man long enough to secure a "commitment" and then a baby."

Und dann macht sie sich über die heutige Besessenheit mit oralem Sex lustig:
"It makes perfect sense that the most popular sex act among younger people is oral sex, which lends itself so well to exchange. One for you, one for me. Check any online dating service and you'd have the impression that the male sex organ was the tongue. A recent scan revealed that of the 4,108 men on Craig's List seeking women for "casual encounters," 209 used the word "fuck" in their ads, 219 referred to their "tongue" and 363 to their "oral" predilections. Heaven knows what the rest of them planned to do in bed. Oral sex is what American women say they want, and they have their men trained to do it, but do either men or women really prefer it to intercourse?

Nächstes Thema in dem Artikel ist der Mythos, dass es keinen vaginalen Orgasmus gibt, der ja auch in Emma sehr breit getreten wurde ["The Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm" (1970)]:
"No one dares say it, but the clitoral orgasm might be as much a myth as the vaginal -- or as little. If you return to the original article that debunked the idea that women enjoy fucking, Anne Koedt's "The Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm" (1970), you'll notice that she gave no medical evidence for her belief that the clitoris rather than the vagina is the source of female sexual pleasure. You'll also notice that she has a strong aversion to the vagina. It's one thing to say that women only have clitoral orgasms, but one doubts the sanity of someone who writes that "women need no anesthesia inside the vagina during surgery." Who's first in line for that?" My bet is that just as many or more women have orgasms from fucking as from oral sex while many others don't have either and fake them.

Meanwhile, women who have orgasms from being fucked have learned to be quiet about it. Fucking is a suspect preference these days, as handcuffs used to be; after all, everyone knows that penetration is politically incorrect, involving all sorts of issues of gender difference and dominance and submission. Women who want a man to do what only a man can do in bed have to stick to over-40s or men from the Third World who haven't heard that they're supposed to pretend to like cunnilingus."

Meanwhile, women who have orgasms from being fucked have learned to be quiet about it. Fucking is a suspect preference these days, as handcuffs used to be; after all, everyone knows that penetration is politically incorrect, involving all sorts of issues of gender difference and dominance and submission. Women who want a man to do what only a man can do in bed have to stick to over-40s or men from the Third World who haven't heard that they're supposed to pretend to like cunnilingus.

und zuletzt kommt noch ein Aspekt, nämlich "oral als sex lite", aber den ich auch schon an anderer Stelle gelesen habe:

"It also fits our new suspicion of deep emotions. Another reason fucking is out of fashion is that it makes us feel too much. Part of the appeal of oral sex -- and why it is rapidly becoming a favorite of teenagers -- is that it's lite sex. No one loses control, loses track of where they are, forgets that music is playing, screams, or weeps, when someone performs oral sex on them. But fucking stirs deep emotions that go to our core as animals and humans. And with the absence of tenderness and trust between men and women, we're more and more inclined to banish deep emotion from our post-patriarchal lives."

 

Philipp Schaumann, http://philipps-welt.info/


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Das Copyright des Materials auf diesen Webseiten liegt, falls kein anderer Autor genannt wird, bei Philipp Schaumann. Anderseits betrachte ich meine Artikel als "offenes Material", d.h. andere dürfen sie bei entsprechendem Hinweis auf die Autorenschaft gern verwenden. Dies ist in Anlehnung an das Konzept des Copyleft.